Penguin Facts You Will Love

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Discover the charming world of penguins with these penguin facts. Learn about their unique habitats, various species, amazing swimming abilities, and how they care for their young.

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Did you know that penguins are super cool birds that can’t fly, but they are awesome swimmers. They mostly live in the bottom half of the world, except for one type, the Galapagos penguin, who sometimes swims a bit north. There are about 18 different kinds of penguins.

The biggest one is the Emperor Penguin, as tall as a six-year-old kid, and the tiniest is the Little Blue Penguin, only as big as a ruler! Penguins love eating fish, squid, and tiny sea creatures called krill. They can dive really deep in the ocean to catch their food. They stay warm in cold places because they have a thick layer of blubber and lots of feathers. Penguins are friendly birds and like to hang out in big groups. T

hey talk to each other with sounds and movements. Both mom and dad penguins help take care of their babies. The daddy Emperor Penguin even keeps the egg warm on his feet! Penguins are not just cute; they are very special birds with their own cool tricks! Keep reading to learn more amazing facts about penguins.

Penguin Facts Worth Knowing

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  1. Penguins turn their bodies into a sled and slide across the ice on their bellies.
  2. Scientists have discovered 17 to 20 penguin species in total.
  3. The word penguin first appeared in the 16th century as a synonym for the word great auk. 
  4. Baby penguins have fluffy feathers to help keep their tiny bodies warm.
  5. A group of penguins in the water is called a raft. 
  6. On land, a group of penguins is called a waddle. 
  7. There is one group, the Galápagos penguin, that lives in a different part of the world, but this is not very common.
  8. The African Penguin is considered to be the most endangered penguin species.
  9. The little penguin makes around nine sounds to communicate with their fellow little penguins, with sounds ranging from sharp barking sounds 
  10. When the penguin heads out to sea and large yelps when the penguin is in trouble!
  11. Penguins live in many climates, not just where it’s cold.
  12. Female penguins typically lay one or two eggs, and both parents take turns incubating eggs and feeding chicks.
  13. Penguins Can Withstand −40 °F by Working Together in Heat Packs
  14. Penguins swallow their food whole without chewing.
  15. Some species of penguins will have only one mate their whole lives.
  16. To get out of the water, penguins will leap high into the air. Sometimes they jump as high as 6 feet!
  17. Gentoo Penguins are the fastest of all penguin species!
  18. In big groups, baby penguins listen for the unique sound their parents make so they can find them.
  19. An Emperor penguin can consume up to 4.4 pounds of food in a single feeding session.
  20. Leopard seals, sea lions, and orca whales are the main penguin predators.
  21. Penguins also have the ability to waterproof feathers that keep them warm and dry while diving.
  22. There are no Penguins that Live in the Northern Hemisphere
  23. The tiniest penguin is about approximately 10 inches tall. 
  24. The oldest penguin fossil was discovered in 1982 on Seymour Island, off the coast of the Antarctic Peninsula. 
  25. Most penguins lay two eggs each year, except emperor penguins. They lay only one.
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  1. The Gentoo species of penguin can swim up to 20 miles per hour.
  2. Penguins can hold their breath underwater for a long time. The average amount of time is 2 to 6 minutes.
  3. Penguins gather in groups to keep each other warm. This also helps protect them.
  4. Penguins have unique feet. They can walk long distances on ice and swim fast in the water.
  5. A penguin’s “wings” are actually flippers.
  6. On land, foxes, leopards, and cats are the biggest predators.
  7. A penguin’s tail helps it balance on land.
  8. The average weight of an adult penguin is around 77 lbs or 35 kg.
  9. They spend nearly 50% of their lives in the water and the other 50% on land. 
  10. The smallest penguin grows to be just over a foot tall. They are called little blue penguins.
  11. Emperor penguins can hold their breath for 20 minutes!
  12. Penguins jump into the air before diving into the water. This releases the air from their feathers so they can swim faster.
  13. Penguin poop is good for the environment. It helps bring nutrients from the ocean onto land.
  14. The first penguin was discovered in the year 1840 during the French Antarctic expedition.
  15. Most penguins swim slower than 10 miles per hour.
  16. They can dive really deep for a feed.
  17. The Little Blue Penguin has a blue-grey black and white belly, with slate blue feathering on their head and wings.
  18. On average, an adult penguin grows up to 1.1 meters tall. 
  19. Penguins and polar bears don’t live in the same place. Penguins only live in the southern hemisphere.
  20.  Male penguins are called cocks, while female penguins are called hens.
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  1. When the male penguin is warming the eggs, the female penguins hunt and bring back food.
  2. They are carnivorous
  3. Penguins are excellent swimmers.
  4. Groups of penguins are also called colonies, huddles, and rookery.
  5. Penguins are birds, but they can’t fly.
  6. Some penguins build nests with rocks, and others will dig small burrows in the ground.
  7. A colony of penguins can have thousands or even millions of penguins.
  8. Penguins do not have teeth.
  9. Other species of penguins love to come in when it’s still daylight, but not the little penguin!
  10. Penguins eat fish, plus squid, crabs, and krill.
  11. Most birds have hollow bones so they can fly. Penguins have solid, dense bones to help them swim faster.
  12. Gentoo Penguins have a white belly and a bright orange-red beak.
  13. Penguins use a type of camouflage called countershading.
  14. One ancient species of penguin was a giant. Almost as tall as adult humans!
  15. These birds live nearly exclusively in the Southern Hemisphere.
  16. Crested Penguins have yellow feather crests on their heads.
  17. Penguins are highly adapted to living in the water. 
  18. Emperor Penguins are the largest species of penguins.
  19. Little penguins spend their days searching for delicious fishes to take home to their burrows at night.
  20. Baby penguins are called chicks.
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  1. Penguins Live in Colonies as Large as 200,000 Birds
  2. Penguins are known for waddling their feet when they walk, and they also slide on their bellies across the snow. 
  3. Both penguin parents take turns keeping the eggs warm.
  4. Emperor penguins, the biggest species, grow over 4 feet tall. 
  5. Penguins spend most of their time in the water.
  6. Penguins have a gland by their tail that produces oil. They spread this oil all over their bodies to waterproof their feathers.
  7. It is dangerous for humans to drink salt water, but penguins can. Their bodies have a special gland that filters out the salt.
  8. Galapagos Penguins have a black back and white belly, with a distinctive black band across their chest.
  9. When penguins dive, they slow down their heart rate and use oxygen stored in their bodies. This helps them stay underwater longer.
  10. Each species has unique characteristics, including size, coloration, and behavior.
  11. Penguins Can Drink Salt Water and Not Get Sick
  12. Penguins poop every 20 minutes 
  13. Some species of male penguins will give rocks to female penguins as gifts.
  14. Penguins return to the same place each year to lay eggs.
  15. The shape of a penguin’s body helps them swim very fast.

Are you looking for more fun and engaging facts to share with your family? Check out these other posts for more facts!

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